What is the member of a wall that goes directly over the opening for a window or door?

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Sill The horizontal exterior member below a window or door opening. The wood member placed directly on to the foundation wall in wood frame construction.
Sole plate The horizontal member of a frame wall resting on the rough floor, to which the studs are nailed.

Which member is located above a window when framing a wall?

When hunting for wall studs, usually the goal is vertical studs. But there are also horizontal framing members located above and below door and window openings. Above windows and doors are doubled-up studs called headers. Sometimes, these are two-by-six studs turned on edge.

What is the name of the framing member what is placed directly above a window or door?

Header. Headers are horizontal framing members most commonly installed over a window or door opening. They are used for openings that are greater in width than standard stud spacing, and function to support the load above the opening of a window or door.

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What horizontal member is placed above an opening in a partition wall?

Top plate – The uppermost horizontal member nailed to the wall or partition studs. Top plate is usually doubled with end joists offset.

What horizontal member forms the bottom of a window opening?

Wall Framing Terms

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sill horizontal timbers resting on the foundation supporting the framework of a building; also the lowest horiziontal member of a window and door frame
sole plate the bottom horizontal member of a wall frame
story pole a narrow strip of wood used to lay out the heights of members of a wall frame

Can 2 windows share a king stud?

1 Answer. They certainly can. In fact, you can get them closer together still, if you like, by eliminating the king stud, using one or two trimmer studs (as desired for spacing), and running a continuous header. It only needs to be as tall as it would for individual headers.

What forms the sides of rough openings for doors and windows?

Rough opening (RO): Framed opening into which a door or window fits. Plate: Horizontal framing members at the top and bottom of a wall that the studs nail to. Jack stud: Vertical framing members that flank each side of a rough opening and support the header.

What is the structural member that is directly on the top of the studs?

Cards

Term Felt Definition A tar-impregnated paper used for water protection under roofing and siding materials.
Term Top Plate Definition A horizontal structural member located on top of the studs used to hold the wall together.

What is the top plate of a house?

A Top Plate is the continuous timber beam on top of the walls that supports the roof structure by carrying the vertical forces from the rafters to the wall studs.

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What are the 3 types of framing for wood structures?

Modern wood framing essentially includes three types: balloon, platform and semi-balloon framing. With long lumber lengths, vertical load-bearing framing studs run continuously from foundation to roof. Intermediate horizontal floor joists are nailed to the sides of the vertical studs and bear on a ledger.

What is the most common type of framing?

The most common framing technique in modern residential construction is platform framing, in which each story is framed on top of the previous one. Builders will frame in one-story platforms of typically eight- or nine-foot-high stud walls resting on a subfloor—the platform.

Is the uppermost horizontal member of the building?

Explanation: The top rail is the top horizontal member of the shutter. The middle horizontal member of the shutter is the lock rail and the lowermost horizontal member of the shutter is called the bottom rail.

What is the term for a horizontal framing member that forms the floor?

Bottom Plate. The bottom, horizontal structural member of a stud framed wall. The bottom plate sets on the subfloor, nails through the subfloor into floor joists.

What structural member of a wall holds up the header?

The header is supported by a jack stud at each end. Jacks, sometimes called trimmers, fit under each end of a header, and they transfer the load that the header carries down to the bottom plate and the framing beneath.

How far apart should regular studs be placed in a wall?

The general spacing for wall studs is 16 inches on center, but they can be 24 inches.

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