Fire doors are manufactured to provide the missing fire-resistance in the opening that they are installed. They are equipped with a mechanism that automatically closes the door to the fully closed position without assistance once somebody opens and releases it. This ensures that the door remains closed at all times.
Why should a fire door be closed?
In the event of a fire, they stop fire and smoke spreading into corridors and stairs – provided they are kept shut. … When the integrity of a fire door is compromised by either wedging or propping the door open, a serious risk to the occupants of the building is created, should a fire occur.
Does a fire door need to be closed?
It is dangerous to wedge or prop open a fire door as the safety of occupants cannot be guaranteed if there is a fire. Fire doors need to be closed to prevent the spread of fire and smoke.
What is the purpose of fire doors?
What is their purpose? Fire doors create a passive fire safety system, protecting commercial buildings from the spread of fire by confining it to a specific area for a longer period of time.
How should a fire door close?
In ‘residential’ type buildings (care homes, hotels, student accommodation etcetera), all fire doors should be fitted with a self closing device, minus those such as cleaner and service riser cupboards, which will be closed behind and generally locked by the user.
Can fire exit doors be left open?
Fire exit doors can be left open if desired, although it generally presents a security risk. On the other hand, fire doors should always be closed and have a self latching feature to ensure this happens. Fire doors rarely need to be locked as they are internally fitted and designed purely to stop the spread of fire.
When can fire doors be left open?
Fire doors have to be kept close at all times unless certified fire door retainers are installed (not just a door wedge!) which hold the fire door open until a fire alarm is set off.
Do fire doors need 3 hinges?
Fire Regulations require fire doors to be fitted with 3 hinges (which must be 4 inch fire certified hinges). For doors over 2200mm tall, then four hinges can be used to prevent warping.
Can fire doors open inwards?
Fire doors don’t always have to open outwards – as long as it will not delay escape unduly, the door can open inwards.
Are fire doors a legal requirement?
Why do you need to provide fire doors? They are specifically designed to withstand fire for up to 30 minutes. They are a legal requirement for flats which open onto communal areas shared with other tenants. This is to make sure crucial escape routes are protected if a fire breaks out.
What is the difference between fire door and fire exit?
The main difference between these two types of doors is their purpose. The purpose of fire exit doors is to let people escape the building in the event of a fire, while the purpose of fire doors is to prevent fire from spreading from room to room.
What do you need for a fire door?
A fire door will not perform in the event of a fire unless it has been fitted correctly – all legitimate fire doors will have test evidence documentation that stipulates the type and density of door frame, the correct intumescent strips and ironmongery (handles, hinges etc.) that should be used.
Where fire doors are required?
Fire doors are a legal requirement in almost all commercial buildings, most accommodation premises – including blocks of flats, sheltered accommodation, houses of multiple occupancy, etc. – and even some larger owner-occupied houses.
How fast should a fire door close?
The manufacturers of the door closers will usually publish a minimum figure, 5 seconds for manual ones I recently was involved with. The longer external doors take to close, the more chance there is of them being affected by windy conditions.
Does my front door need to be a fire door?
The front door of every individual flat needs to be a tested, and certified, fire door. They should be fitted with the appropriate intumescent strips, smoke seals and a self-closing mechanism. The minimum requirement is for an FD30 door to be fitted, providing 30 minutes fire resistance.
Can you cut down a fire door?
The Official Answer. While nothing must be trimmed off the top of a fire door, there is sadly no general guidance to define how much can be trimmed from the sides and bottom of a fire door.